Zoonotic transfer of disease

How do cat owners avoid zoonotic transfer of disease in cats

  • If a new cat is to be adopted, the cat least likely to be a zoonotic risk is a clinically normal, anthropodfree, adult animal
  • Once the cat to be adopted is identified, it should be quarantined from any immunocompromised person until a thorough physical examination and zoonoses risk assessment is performed by a veterinarian
  • Immediate veterinary care should be sought for all unhealthy cats
  • Veterinary care should be sought at least once or twice yearly for a physical exam, fecal exam, deworming recommendations
  • Get cats vaccinated for rabies at appropriate intervals
  • Avoid handling unhealthy cats, particularly those with gastrointestinal, respiratory, skin, neurologic, or reproductive disease
  • Do not handle unfamiliar cats
  • Wash hands after handling cats
  • Remove fecal material from the home environment daily
  • If possible, do not have immunocompromised people clean the litterbox. If immunocompromised people must clean the litter box, they should wear gloves and wash hands thoroughly when finished
  • Wear gloves when gardening and wash hands thoroughly when finished
  • Cover children’s sandboxes to lessen fecal contamination by outdoor cats
  • Control potential transport hosts like flies and cockroaches that may bring zoonotic agents into the home
  • Housing cats indoors may lessen their exposure to other animals that may carry zoonotic agents, to excrement of other animals, fleas and ticks
  • Seek veterinary advice concerning flea and tick control
  • Do not share food utensils with your cat
  • Avoid being licked on the face by your cat
  • Trim nails regularly

If bitten or scratched, seek medical attention.

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