Vermont Spay/Neuter (VSN) Frequently Asked Questions


Do you have questions about the services Vermont Spay/ Neuter provides or your kitty’s upcoming surgery? Find the answers to our most frequently asked questions here.



Who is Vermont Spay/Neuter for?

VSN is for everyone. We work with local humane societies and rescue groups, but we also serve individuals.



Is there financial assistance?


If you are receiving financial assistance from the state, you may be eligible for a VSNIP voucher. Call 844-448-7647 for more information.

If you have trapped a feral cat and are planning on releasing the cat back outside, you may be eligible for a Trap Neuter Release (TNR) voucher. Call the Chittenden County Humane Society at 802-862-0135 for more information.

For any other inquiries regarding financial assistance, call 802-860-CATS (2287) or e-mail



How old should my cat be?

Cats should be at least 3 lbs and 3 months old. It is recommended that cats be spayed/neutered by 5 months of age to prevent unwanted litters and reduce the risk of mammary cancer for females.



Does my cat need to be seen by a veterinarian before their surgery day?

Our best recommendation is that all cats have a physical exam, parasite testing/treatment, Feline Leukemia/AIDS testing, and initial vaccines at least 2 weeks prior to their surgery day. This allows our veterinarians to ensure your cat is at optimal health before surgery. To schedule an appointment with one of our veterinarians, call (802) 860-2287 or visit



Do I need to schedule an appointment for surgery?

Yes, you will need to schedule an appointment. Click here to fill out a form or call 802-860-CATS (2287)



When will my cat be discharged?

Discharge times vary based on the number of cats we have for the day. It is best to ask for an estimated discharge time when you make your appointment.



Can my cat stay overnight if necessary?

Yes. If you are unable to pick up your cat after surgery, or need to bring your cat in the night before their procedure, your cat can stay in our boarding facility. There is an additional charge for this service.



Is additional pain medication available after my cat’s surgery?

Yes. Every cat receives anesthesia and a pain-control injection prior to surgery for a pain-free procedure. The pain control injection provides relief up until the next day, for a full 24 hours. After any surgery there is some discomfort and inflammation. Additional pain relief tablets are recommended and available for purchase.



Is it necessary to vaccinate an indoor cat?

Rabies Vaccine: YES. The State of Vermont requires that all cats over 4 months of age be vaccinated against Rabies, which is a deadly virus. Indoor cats are at risk for Rabies when they accidentally get outside, or when a bat or other pest gets trapped inside your home. For the sake of the law, your cat’s health, and your own personal health, it is necessary to vaccinate your cat against Rabies.

Distemper (RCP) Vaccine: YES. The Distemper Vaccine protects your cat against the most contagious and deadly respiratory viruses in cats. Even indoor cats can be exposed to these viruses. Be proactive in protecting your cat’s health by getting the Distemper Vaccine for your cat.

Both the Rabies and Distemper Vaccines are included in the price of your cat’s procedure.



How is my cat treated for fleas?

It is recommended that all cats receive a cat-specific flea control product prior to their scheduled surgery day. If you would like a prescription for a flea preventative, please call (802) 860-2287 or visit to schedule a physical exam and discuss flea control options with one of our veterinarians.

If there is evidence of fleas on your cat at the time of admission for surgery, a topical anti-flea medication will be applied. It is important to continue flea control measures for all pets in the home for at least 3 months to prevent re-infestation with fleas. Additional doses of flea control medication are available for purchase.

Read labels carefully. Only ever apply a cat-labeled flea product to a cat. NEVER use dog-labeled products on a cat.



How is my cat treated for Ear Mites?

If your cat has evidence of ear mites, their ear canals will be gently cleaned, and we will dispense an anti-ear mite medication. An additional charge applies.



What is Feline Leukemia (FeLV)?

Feline Leukemia is a very contagious virus in cats, spread through contact with bodily fluids such as saliva (even casual contact such as grooming), nasal secretions, urine/feces, and milk from a mother cat nursing her kittens. Feline Leukemia is fatal—it usually causes death within few years of infection. If your cat goes outdoors, they should be tested, and then vaccinated, to protect them.

The vaccine is not offered through the VSN clinic. It requires 2 injections, given about a month apart, to have one year of protection. This can be scheduled through Affectionately Cats by calling (802) 860-2287 or visit to request a physical exam and vaccines.

If you have multiple cats in your household, each cat should be tested for Feline Leukemia and AIDS to make sure none of your cats carry these viruses, so that each cat can be at their optimal health. This blood test is available for an additional fee on your cat’s surgery day.



What is Feline AIDS (FIV)?

Feline AIDS is caused by Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV). It is transmitted mainly through saliva in bite wounds, so it is typically seen in fighting and outdoor cats. There is no vaccine to protect your cat against Feline AIDS. Testing is important, because AIDS-positive cats should be kept indoors and receive more frequent veterinary check-ups and parasite testing. Many cats with FIV can still live fairly normal lives, although they will be more prone to infections

If you have multiple cats in your household, each cat should be tested for Feline Leukemia and AIDS to make sure none of your cats carry these viruses, so that each cat can be at their optimal health. A blood test for Feline Leukemia and Feline AIDS is available for an additional fee on your cat’s surgery day.



What is the difference between high-volume spay and neuter day and a typical surgery day?

While a high-volume spay/neuter clinic is not meant to replace the individualized attention that a family pet would receive on a more typical surgery day, it does allow many surgeries to occur very efficiently, with the goal that cost not be a deterrent to a cat having access to this essential service.

The following is a list of the factors that allow these surgeries to be performed at a lower cost:

  1. There is no need to schedule doctor/owner appointment time.
  2. High numbers of patients receiving the same procedure allows for much economy.
  3. Volunteers can be trained for specific steps of the procedure.
  4. There is a single setup for all procedures as well as single take-down.
  5. Repetition builds speed.
  6. The surgeon stays in the Operating Room with only a minute between patients, which allows for greater efficiency of the surgeon’s time.
  7. The veterinarians, technicians, and assistants have specific roles on an assembly line of sorts, so working together is very productive.
  8. Bulk pricing for often-used supplies is secured.
  9. Cats recover in their carriers, so there are no extra costs associated with buying cages and cleaning them in between patients.
  10. Cats can go home the same day resulting in no overnight hospitalization costs.
  11. Anesthesia time is short with a quick recovery, so there is no IV catheter placement or intubation for gas anesthesia.



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Vermont Spay/Neuter
VSN Services
Donating to Vermont Spay/Neuter
VSN Admit Form
Schedule a VSN Appointment